Photos by Koen Douterloigne, Sarah Hampelmann, John Campbell, Lea Winkler
Chapter 1: New York
Will you have a roof over your head and food no matter what?
When we think of gentrifикации,
one picture that comes to mind is
writers, and then
the middle class
moving into neighborhoods previously occupied by urban romantics, i.e
the working class
“It’s too expensive here.”
The word gentrify comes from England and describes a similar development in the past, albeit with the word for middle class at that time – the gentry.
It has been adopted in German and Russian,
in the essentially English form
Another aspect we might think about is who these gentrifiers are:
they must come from somewhere;
they must be gentrified themselves.
In New York
we see this taking place in Brooklyn.
Who is gentrifying?
The college educated middle class that can no longer afford to live in Manhattan.
Because central banks and investors have lifted the cost of living in Manhattan to
an unaffordable level.
something lies below this as well:
The dynamic of Gentrifizierung requires
an upward bias,
Just like you want
a promotion and
to remain in the same position you have,
policymakers preferAs pools of death in Lower Manhattan
recall the gone World Trade Center, and
reflect the new Freedom Tower,
along with a different cityscape,
whatever place is being gentrified, be it
has not generally been there forever.
In New York,
neither on the Lower East Side
nor in Bushwick
had Latinos been living prior to the change in immigration law in 1965 (Hart-Celler Act);
neither in the East Village
nor on the Upper West Side
had the Euro-American middle class been living prior to the hippie movement.
Kapitel 2: München
The Olympia tower resembles its reflection in the water below. We hope there is some correlation between our conception of our impression and our actual impression.
In Germany, we live in a small
world of expertise –
at least in terms of work,
where we spend most of our time and
expend most of our energy. For the rest,
we may not have much left,
but we try to be polite and considerate.
It’s true that
we enter into this Modus when
we are seated in a place for a period of time, let’s say a
You won’t see us being attentive in
We aren’t interested in small talk.
And we aren’t gut at it.
But when we sit down,
we perceive dass we
ask our interlocuters questions,
listen to their answers,
comment intelligently or
ask follow-up questions,
relate what our conversationpartner
has said to our eigenes life.
The relationship between our perception and die Realität may differ due to
tone of voice,
but I’ve noticed dass
some guests from other countries don’t respond so well to this
Perhaps they want
less complete, komplexe, лоgical propositions.
Vielleicht they want speed.
Or, может быть, our impression deviates from realьность.
Глава 3ая: Санкт-Петербург
If you create too many rules for
it becomes impossible to keep track of them all.
This may well contribute to our refusal to obey anything but the most basic ones, which
with common humanity.
Contracts are еще another case of this.
Such agreements in Russia
attempt to reguлировать more details
than comparable German or английские agreements,
often define each terмин used in the doкументе and
include substantially more clauses.
but by exactly the opposite approach:
The parties essentially confess
in a one page document
that their relationship is
As my landlord said on signing:
“This is worthless.”
Then values and praкtики come into play.
For a period of time
it was possible for
cars with sirenами
on the wrong стороне
of the road.
So private citizens покуpurchased
in or on their машине.
It isn’t altogether по-different in places like
New York or München.
In the 90s
the mayor of New York signed a decree that called for the ticketing of j-walkers,
cross at red lights.
The police department refused to enforce it.
there is a fine for urinating in public;
Polizisten who have caught me have never issued a fine,
just a warning for
a fine next time.
In America and России
we can ride bikes without lights at night and
we can cross intersections at red lights as pedestrians.
Chapter 4: London
The pubs in London pulsieren with human energы
on Thursday and weekend evenings.
The partiers reflect their daytime
selves as little as
the details of Russian contracts
correspond to the mindset of the people.
we also don’t need music to stimulate conversation –
although we do frequently rely on it,
especially for young people.
But our pubs are loud nonetheless.
Whether or not it is the lack of
they are so filled with chatter and laughter that you
are forced to elevate your voice,
shout your order to the barkeeper,
scream your questions and answers
to your friend
or talk in your partners’ ear.
I’ve speculated dass
this atmosphere has contributed to
the difficulty of sustaining groups
or even gathering them in the first place.
A logical place for a group to meet is a pub.
This is exactly what happens quite oft in Germany
where есть Stammtische,
a group of people who
meet in a place
at set intervals.
we can’t do this:
Nobody is able to hear more than the person right next to them.
I’ve asked whether
we need the stimulus of noise to encourage speech.
Wouldn’t alcohol do it alone? But if that were the case,
wouldn’t there be more quiet pubs?
and what about restaurants?
They’re loud too…
Do we need zumindest noise to
forget about work,
jolt our train of thought,
focus on our friends…
Or are we the dumb middle class
as Bloomberg News implied about our American friends in Manhattan?
Chapter 5: Newport Beach (California)
New residents gentrifizieren the desert in Newport Beach.
But is the dynamic all that different in Californии?
Most of us are mainly concerned about costs here –
not like the Germans
to minimize costs by
insisting on fairness.
Yet we are interested in the cost of acquisition:
“Bet that isn’t cheap.”
“It must cost a million+ to live there.”
“I can’t imagine what that costs.”
“That’s John Wayne’s home.“
(The deixis for distance rather thanIn Russian
we use the verb “have” for physical objects.
In other words
you can’t “have” a house, car, etc.
To express this idea
you must say something like:
is a/the house, car, etc.
(у меня есть дом, машина, т.д.).
Imagine if we didn’t have the word
in Newport Beach.If you don’t know Newport Beach,
I hope to sum it up very simply:
cars for transportation, and
There is no downtown.
We live between these five places.
We live here because of the beach.
We all love the beach,
after the age of 30,
we can’t spend
more than two hours there
because our lives
are no less hectic than
our friends in New York or London.
economics deals with
the scarcity of resources;
our lives deal with
the scarcity of time.
We think so, but
like our retired friend in England
we also have a lot going on;
and when we don’t,
we are used to the motion of having a lot going on.
Kapitel 6: München
Many of us are quite shy and rather uncomfortable in public or with strangers.
we seem to like the silent approach.
I suggest that it
wins us time to learn about the stranger(s), and
preventing us from making a bad impression or
acting in a way that has a negative impact over the long term.
I watch a few friends –
one arrogant to the point of instilling fear in even his closest acquaintances;
another preferring questions and facts to interaction,
a third who is basically an intellectual with long explanations, and
a fourth who is a relaxed elderly philosopher.
In the first two or three meetings,
like a fly on the wall,
It’s similar with our attitude toward speed and progress.
When we encounter something new,
we prefer to
perfect it, and
slowly adopt the novelty
to ensure its ideal operation.
Essentially, we prefer silence to start.
by sitting, Sitzen, сидение
we think through the situation,
figure out a good approach (for greatest number),
without risking disaster on the way.
This would explain why
we have been able to remain relatively relaxed
in the face of rapid change
over the last twenty years –
at least in Bavaria.
Глава 7ая: Москва
The pace of life,
development is both incredibly fast and slow for us.
Part of it is that
we perceive the need to catch up.
I guess it’s because of the communist era now,
but this is a common theme in our history –
the Kommunisten said it about the the Russian empire,
Российская Империя said it about the Tsardom of Muscovy.
This desire to catch up meets
with a lack of resourcы and
an immense amount of confusion and
due to the
unsystemaтический introduction of new technoлогии.
It’s so overwhelming we stop.
But when we pick это up again, начнемся,
whether “это” involves
we have fallen еще further behind andThis might sound awful to
but we have a
It’s essentially the essence.
The существо of life:
we are always behind –
careening backwärts –
that’s what makes life
das ist part of
what separates us
from a machine.
Chapter 8: London
If gentrification is
visible in New York,
less очеvisible in München und Санкт-Петербург and Newport Beach и Москве
we certainlyA few years ago
we were moving to Brick Lane,
we’ve headed further to Dalston, Hackney and beyond.
It’s Brooklyn on
but definitely not heroine or marijuana.
thought about speed recently?
Not the drug,
but the concept?
And its Relevanz to our lives?
I know a womженщину,
in good shape,
who never sits still:
day care for her grandchildren;
dinner with friends
gardening in the morning
lunch with husband
choir rehearsal in the afternoon
homeless dinner in the evening
Day after tomorrow:
church meeting in der Früh
обед with friends
performance with second choir am Nachnoon
dinner with husband’s colleagues вечером
Two days after tomorrow:
It’s only because of work,
which is a vortex of activности itself,
that leaves no time for
And god forbid you have a problem.
Recently I paused for a minute.
A question came to mind:
What is the alternative?
What if there were a crisis?
Not a financial crisis,
but a crisis in life?
One where there was
no more work;
no more income;
Chapter 9: New York
We seem to share the elements of speed and chaos with our Russian friends.
Our speech also reveals this.
I sat in a room with prospective jurors.
At first, the Latinos, Afro-Americans and Euro-Americans were
they listened to
the prosecuting lawyer’s explanation of the case,
the desire for objective jurors
(and they really believed in objective,
even arguing with me about it).
When the prospective jurors warmed up
after speaking about themselves in questioning,
it was hard
for the lawyers to settle them down.
Clipped speech became long monologues about how
just because he was drunk,
does not mean he didn’t deserve
help since I have many friends who
ride the subway drunk;
as a security guard I am required to
wait until the last parent has picked
up their child
I often ride the subway drunk,
that's why we have a subway.
we need to activate our minds
then we forget the impression made on others.
Then it’s all about
what we know better than anyone else.
I am capable of offering illumination
– nothing else matters:
Everyone else is wrong,
but they are lucky enough to have me.
we don’t just have apartments, cars
we also have people.
Erich Fromm has argued that
no culture has ever developed the linguistic ability to have
(in the sense of possess)
and relinquished it,
returned to the pre-have formulations
similar to those in Russia.
Although I think it unlikely,
the intensity of gentrification
in England and America
might correlate with more widespread use of have, although
it is also possible to possess, i.e. have people, eine Frau, usw.
“having” contributes to speed
and speed to gentrification,
I know another kooky linguistic theory that
also contributes to speed in English speaking countries.
you will have a roof над головой and Essen to eat.